In India there are religion-specific civil codes that separately govern adherents of certain other religions.
Section 2 This section therefore applies to Hindus by religion in any of its forms and Hindus within the extended meaning i.e.
Besides amending and codifying Sastrik Law, it introduced separation and divorce, which did not exist in Sastrik Law.
This enactment brought uniformity of law for all sections of Hindus.
Wherever the consent of a guardian in marriage is necessary for a bride under this Act, the persons entitled to give such consent are the following: the father; the mother; the paternal grandfather; the paternal grandmother; the brother by full blood; the brother by half blood; etc.
The Guardianship For Marriage was repealed in 1978 after the Child Marriage Restraint Amendment was passed.
Hindu marriage may be solemnized in accordance with the customary rites and ceremonies of either party.
In the original Act, the age of valid marriage was fixed at 18 for the boys and 15 for the girls, however this age requirement was later raised to 21 and 18 respectively for the boys and the girls through the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Act 1978.
The Hindu Marriage Act by an Act of the Parliament of India enacted in 1955.
Three other important acts were also enacted as part of the Hindu Code Bills during this time: the Hindu Succession Act (1956), the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act (1956), the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956).
Some have argued that Hindu marriage cannot be subjected to legislative intervention.
Derrett predicted in his later writings that despite some evidence of modernization, the dominant view in Hindu society for the foreseeable future would remain that marriage is a form of social obligation.